Railway Management System ER Diagram

This ER (Entity Relationship) Diagram shows how the model of the Railway Management System ERD is put together. The entity-relationship diagram for the Railway Management System shows the visual parts of the database tables as well as the links between admin, customer, train ticket, transaction, transaction type reservation, and reports.

ER Diagram for Railway Management System: Details

The table shows the overall description of the ER Diagram for the Railway Management System. It has a complete overview of the project’s information.

Name:Railway Management System ER Diagram
Abstract:It used structured data to show how the different groups of structured data in the Railway Management System fit together. The most important parts of the railway management system are the stations, admin, customer, train ticket, transaction, transaction type reservation, and reports.
Diagram:ER Diagram is also known as Entity Relationship Diagram
Tools Used:Diagraming tools that provide ER diagram symbols.
Users:Train Companies, Passengers, and Crews.
Railway Management System ER Diagram: Details

What is Railway Management System?

A user may quickly handle customer information, booking information, and timetable information using the Railway Management System, an internet program. It is the computerized mechanism for making reservations for train seats in advance. It is primarily utilized on lengthy routes.

In both the short- and long-term, railway operators may boost performance and efficiency by putting the right positioning infrastructure in place.

Railway Management System Features

  • Railway Management: Railway Management is the main feature of this system wherein the ER diagram contains the basic details needed for managing ticket records and availability. This basic information was composed of railway records, ticket sales, counts, and availabilities. It will also monitor or check the customers’ info and purchase or reservation status.
  • Customer Management: This feature plays a big role in the system because it gathers and manages the customer’s important information. This information was used to keep track of their transactions, reservations, and other important system details to make sure that services were given correctly.
  • The ticket management will be done by the admin to track the number of reserves and remaining available. This will also allow them to monitor the count of their customers as well as their revenues.
  • Its features will enable you to manage and monitor your revenue while also securing each transaction. This is also the basis for their income and expenses. Through this, the admin will have the records of transactions and can review them for future use.

ER Diagram for Railway Reservation

The ER diagram of the Railway Management System shows the relationships between each system entity and how each entity is assumed to work in each relationship.

Railway Management System ER Diagram
Railway Management System ER Diagram

Railway Management System Database Design

This railway management system database design manages railway needs. Customer and user information can be encoded. Only the admin can view transaction details. Manage ticket and reservation info.

The system ER diagram featured security, management, status, and customer transactions. These features were also listed in reports tracking system transactions.

Railway Management System ER Diagram Tables

These tables include field names, descriptions, data types, and character lengths. Each table shows data storage attributes.

Table Name: Customer

stud_ID (PK)Customer IDInt11
fnameCustomer First NameVarchar255
lnameCustomer Last NameVarchar255
genderCustomer GenderInt11
ageCustomer AgeInt11
contact_addContact AddressInt11
cust_emailCustomer EmailVarchar255
cust_passCustomer PasswordVarchar255
Table Name: Customer

Table Name: Admin

admin_ID (PK)Admin IDInt11
fnameAdmin First NameVarchar255
lnameAdmin Last NameVarchar255
genderAdmin GenderInt11
ageAdmin AgeInt11
contact_addContact AddressInt11
admin_emailAdmin EmailVarchar255
admin_passAdmin PasswordVarchar255
Table Name: Admin

Table Name: Train Ticket

ticket_ID (PK)Ticket IDInt11
ticket_numTicket NumberInt11
date_availDate AvailableDate
date_flightDate of FlightDate
time_departDeparture TimeTime
time_landLanding TimeTime
Table Name: Train Ticket

Table Name: Reservation

res_ID (PK)Reservation IDInt11
cust_ID (FK)Customer IDInt11
admin_ID (FK)Admin IDInt11
ticket_ID (FK)Ticket IDInt11
date_reserveDate ReservationDate
date_accomDate of AccommodationDate
Table Name: Reservation

Table Name: Transaction

trans_ID (PK)Transaction IDInt11
trans_nameTransaction NameVarchar30
borrowing_ID (FK)Subject IDInt11
stud_ID (FK)Student IDInt11
trans_dateDate of TransactionDate
Table Name: Transaction

Table Name: Transaction Type

transty_ID (PK)Transaction Type IDInt11
trans_nameTransaction TypeVarchar30
Table Name: Transaction Type

Table Name: Reports

report_ID (PK)Report IDInt11
trans_ID (FK)Transaction IDInt11
res_ID (FK)Reservation IDInt11
report_dateReport DateDate
Table Name: Reports

The tables will help developers create the RMS database. It contains the whole database description and will be entered into the program or data storage along with the table names. They’ll establish a database with attributes and values.

Railway Management System ER Diagram [PDF]

ER Diagram for Railway Management System in DBMS Pdf explains database fundamentals. Use this for your capstone project. You can adjust its content to fit your project’s needs.

How to create an Entity-Relationship (ER) Diagram

Time needed: 5 minutes

Here are the steps on how to create Railway Management System ER Diagram with Cardinality Ratio.

  • Step 1: Become acquainted with the ER Diagram (Entity Relationship Diagram). Symbols and Cardinality

    The Entity Relationship Diagram shows the structure of data types in a project. It uses symbols to clarify its parts and relationships. Their symbols and applications must be familiar before you build the ER Diagram.

    ER Diagram Symbols:
    Fields are the parts of a table that define the entity’s characteristics. In the database that the ERD models, attributes are commonly thought of as rows. 

    Keys are a technique to categorize data quality. It is used to organize ER diagrams and assist users in modeling their databases to ensure that they are efficient. This is also used to connect different tables in a database. 

    A primary key identifies a single entity instance, which means a unique attribute or set of attributes. 
    A foreign key is produced when data attributes have one too many relationships with other entities.

  • Step 2: Complete the entities that will be included.

    Begin designing your ER Diagram by finalizing your railway reservation system’s entities. These are rectangles. You must leave room in future phases so they can be incorporated.

  • Step 3: Add the attributes of each entity

    Upon finalizing the entities, analyze their attributes. As characteristics, ER diagram entities are described. All these are characteristics. Multivalued characteristics have several values.

  • Step 4: Describe the relationships (cardinality) between entities and attributes

    Entities, characteristics, and relationships are needed to draw ERD relationships. The data structure and entity relationship diagram are based on evaluated information.


ER (entity-relationship) diagram is used to build and develop RMS. Your diagrams will help you present your ideas and skills.

ER diagrams let you see the software’s back end, which holds all incoming and outgoing data. Read the suggested articles below to learn more about ER Diagrams.

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