Attendance Management System In Python With MySQL Database

The Attendance Management System In Python With MySQL Database was developed using Python Programming with Face Recognition, This Project has a Graphical User Interface Design (GUI).

A Student Attendance Management System Project in Python is a simple python project for beginners, from which they can learn to develop web based python project.

Project Information’s

Project Name:Real Time Attendance Management System using Python
Language/s Used:Python OpenCV
Python version (Recommended):2.x or 3.x
Database:None
Type:Machine Learning
Developer:IT SOURCECODE
Updates:0
Attendance Management System – Project Information

We will provide you full project source code and database of the python project, so you can setup it easily on your system and learn python programming.

TECHNOLOGY USED:

  1. tkinter for whole GUI
  2. OpenCV for taking images and face recognition (cv2.face.LBPHFaceRecognizer_create())
  3. CSV, Numpy, Pandas, datetime etc. for other purposes.

FEATURES:

  1. Easy to use with interactive GUI support.
  2. Password protection for new person registration.
  3. Creates/Updates CSV file for details of students on registration.
  4. Creates a new CSV file everyday for attendance and marks attendance with proper date and time.
  5. Displays live attendance updates for the day on the main screen in tabular format with Id, name, date and time.

To start creating a Attendance Management System, make sure that you have installed Python 3.9 and PyCharm in your computer.

Steps On How To Run The Project

Time needed: 5 minutes.

These are the steps on how to run Attendance Management System In Python With MySQL Database

  • Step 1: Download the given source code below.

    First, download the given source code below and unzip the source code.
    attendance management system download source code

  • Step 2: Import the project to your PyCharm IDE.

    Next, import the source code you’ve download to your PyCharm IDE.
    attendance management system open project

  • Step 3: Run the project.

    last, run the project with the command “py main.py”
    attendance management system run project

Installing Libraries

import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk
from tkinter import messagebox as mess
import tkinter.simpledialog as tsd
import cv2,os
import csv
import numpy as np
from PIL import Image
import pandas as pd
import datetime
import time

Complete Source Code

############################################# IMPORTING ################################################
import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk
from tkinter import messagebox as mess
import tkinter.simpledialog as tsd
import cv2,os
import csv
import numpy as np
from PIL import Image
import pandas as pd
import datetime
import time

############################################# FUNCTIONS ################################################

def assure_path_exists(path):
    dir = os.path.dirname(path)
    if not os.path.exists(dir):
        os.makedirs(dir)

##################################################################################

def tick():
    time_string = time.strftime('%H:%M:%S')
    clock.config(text=time_string)
    clock.after(200,tick)

###################################################################################

def contact():
    mess._show(title='Contact us', message="Please contact us on : '[email protected]' ")

###################################################################################

def check_haarcascadefile():
    exists = os.path.isfile("haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml")
    if exists:
        pass
    else:
        mess._show(title='Some file missing', message='Please contact us for help')
        window.destroy()

###################################################################################

def save_pass():
    assure_path_exists("TrainingImageLabel/")
    exists1 = os.path.isfile("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt")
    if exists1:
        tf = open("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt", "r")
        key = tf.read()
    else:
        master.destroy()
        new_pas = tsd.askstring('Old Password not found', 'Please enter a new password below', show='*')
        if new_pas == None:
            mess._show(title='No Password Entered', message='Password not set!! Please try again')
        else:
            tf = open("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt", "w")
            tf.write(new_pas)
            mess._show(title='Password Registered', message='New password was registered successfully!!')
            return
    op = (old.get())
    newp= (new.get())
    nnewp = (nnew.get())
    if (op == key):
        if(newp == nnewp):
            txf = open("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt", "w")
            txf.write(newp)
        else:
            mess._show(title='Error', message='Confirm new password again!!!')
            return
    else:
        mess._show(title='Wrong Password', message='Please enter correct old password.')
        return
    mess._show(title='Password Changed', message='Password changed successfully!!')
    master.destroy()

###################################################################################

def change_pass():
    global master
    master = tk.Tk()
    master.geometry("400x160")
    master.resizable(False,False)
    master.title("Change Password")
    master.configure(background="white")
    lbl4 = tk.Label(master,text='    Enter Old Password',bg='white',font=('times', 12, ' bold '))
    lbl4.place(x=10,y=10)
    global old
    old=tk.Entry(master,width=25 ,fg="black",relief='solid',font=('times', 12, ' bold '),show='*')
    old.place(x=180,y=10)
    lbl5 = tk.Label(master, text='   Enter New Password', bg='white', font=('times', 12, ' bold '))
    lbl5.place(x=10, y=45)
    global new
    new = tk.Entry(master, width=25, fg="black",relief='solid', font=('times', 12, ' bold '),show='*')
    new.place(x=180, y=45)
    lbl6 = tk.Label(master, text='Confirm New Password', bg='white', font=('times', 12, ' bold '))
    lbl6.place(x=10, y=80)
    global nnew
    nnew = tk.Entry(master, width=25, fg="black", relief='solid',font=('times', 12, ' bold '),show='*')
    nnew.place(x=180, y=80)
    cancel=tk.Button(master,text="Cancel", command=master.destroy ,fg="black"  ,bg="red" ,height=1,width=25 , activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 10, ' bold '))
    cancel.place(x=200, y=120)
    save1 = tk.Button(master, text="Save", command=save_pass, fg="black", bg="#3ece48", height = 1,width=25, activebackground="white", font=('times', 10, ' bold '))
    save1.place(x=10, y=120)
    master.mainloop()

#####################################################################################

def psw():
    assure_path_exists("TrainingImageLabel/")
    exists1 = os.path.isfile("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt")
    if exists1:
        tf = open("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt", "r")
        key = tf.read()
    else:
        new_pas = tsd.askstring('Old Password not found', 'Please enter a new password below', show='*')
        if new_pas == None:
            mess._show(title='No Password Entered', message='Password not set!! Please try again')
        else:
            tf = open("TrainingImageLabel\psd.txt", "w")
            tf.write(new_pas)
            mess._show(title='Password Registered', message='New password was registered successfully!!')
            return
    password = tsd.askstring('Password', 'Enter Password', show='*')
    if (password == key):
        TrainImages()
    elif (password == None):
        pass
    else:
        mess._show(title='Wrong Password', message='You have entered wrong password')

######################################################################################

def clear():
    txt.delete(0, 'end')
    res = "1)Take Images  >>>  2)Save Profile"
    message1.configure(text=res)


def clear2():
    txt2.delete(0, 'end')
    res = "1)Take Images  >>>  2)Save Profile"
    message1.configure(text=res)

#######################################################################################

def TakeImages():
    check_haarcascadefile()
    columns = ['SERIAL NO.', '', 'ID', '', 'NAME']
    assure_path_exists("StudentDetails/")
    assure_path_exists("TrainingImage/")
    serial = 0
    exists = os.path.isfile("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv")
    if exists:
        with open("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv", 'r') as csvFile1:
            reader1 = csv.reader(csvFile1)
            for l in reader1:
                serial = serial + 1
        serial = (serial // 2)
        csvFile1.close()
    else:
        with open("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv", 'a+') as csvFile1:
            writer = csv.writer(csvFile1)
            writer.writerow(columns)
            serial = 1
        csvFile1.close()
    Id = (txt.get())
    name = (txt2.get())
    if ((name.isalpha()) or (' ' in name)):
        cam = cv2.VideoCapture(0)
        harcascadePath = "haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml"
        detector = cv2.CascadeClassifier(harcascadePath)
        sampleNum = 0
        while (True):
            ret, img = cam.read()
            gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
            faces = detector.detectMultiScale(gray, 1.3, 5)
            for (x, y, w, h) in faces:
                cv2.rectangle(img, (x, y), (x + w, y + h), (255, 0, 0), 2)
                # incrementing sample number
                sampleNum = sampleNum + 1
                # saving the captured face in the dataset folder TrainingImage
                cv2.imwrite("TrainingImage\ " + name + "." + str(serial) + "." + Id + '.' + str(sampleNum) + ".jpg",
                            gray[y:y + h, x:x + w])
                # display the frame
                cv2.imshow('Taking Images', img)
            # wait for 100 miliseconds
            if cv2.waitKey(100) & 0xFF == ord('q'):
                break
            # break if the sample number is morethan 100
            elif sampleNum > 100:
                break
        cam.release()
        cv2.destroyAllWindows()
        res = "Images Taken for ID : " + Id
        row = [serial, '', Id, '', name]
        with open('StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv', 'a+') as csvFile:
            writer = csv.writer(csvFile)
            writer.writerow(row)
        csvFile.close()
        message1.configure(text=res)
    else:
        if (name.isalpha() == False):
            res = "Enter Correct name"
            message.configure(text=res)

########################################################################################

def TrainImages():
    check_haarcascadefile()
    assure_path_exists("TrainingImageLabel/")
    recognizer = cv2.face_LBPHFaceRecognizer.create()
    harcascadePath = "haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml"
    detector = cv2.CascadeClassifier(harcascadePath)
    faces, ID = getImagesAndLabels("TrainingImage")
    try:
        recognizer.train(faces, np.array(ID))
    except:
        mess._show(title='No Registrations', message='Please Register someone first!!!')
        return
    recognizer.save("TrainingImageLabel\Trainner.yml")
    res = "Profile Saved Successfully"
    message1.configure(text=res)
    message.configure(text='Total Registrations till now  : ' + str(ID[0]))

############################################################################################3

def getImagesAndLabels(path):
    # get the path of all the files in the folder
    imagePaths = [os.path.join(path, f) for f in os.listdir(path)]
    # create empth face list
    faces = []
    # create empty ID list
    Ids = []
    # now looping through all the image paths and loading the Ids and the images
    for imagePath in imagePaths:
        # loading the image and converting it to gray scale
        pilImage = Image.open(imagePath).convert('L')
        # Now we are converting the PIL image into numpy array
        imageNp = np.array(pilImage, 'uint8')
        # getting the Id from the image
        ID = int(os.path.split(imagePath)[-1].split(".")[1])
        # extract the face from the training image sample
        faces.append(imageNp)
        Ids.append(ID)
    return faces, Ids

###########################################################################################

def TrackImages():
    check_haarcascadefile()
    assure_path_exists("Attendance/")
    assure_path_exists("StudentDetails/")
    for k in tv.get_children():
        tv.delete(k)
    msg = ''
    i = 0
    j = 0
    recognizer = cv2.face.LBPHFaceRecognizer_create()  # cv2.createLBPHFaceRecognizer()
    exists3 = os.path.isfile("TrainingImageLabel\Trainner.yml")
    if exists3:
        recognizer.read("TrainingImageLabel\Trainner.yml")
    else:
        mess._show(title='Data Missing', message='Please click on Save Profile to reset data!!')
        return
    harcascadePath = "haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml"
    faceCascade = cv2.CascadeClassifier(harcascadePath);

    cam = cv2.VideoCapture(0)
    font = cv2.FONT_HERSHEY_SIMPLEX
    col_names = ['Id', '', 'Name', '', 'Date', '', 'Time']
    exists1 = os.path.isfile("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv")
    if exists1:
        df = pd.read_csv("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv")
    else:
        mess._show(title='Details Missing', message='Students details are missing, please check!')
        cam.release()
        cv2.destroyAllWindows()
        window.destroy()
    while True:
        ret, im = cam.read()
        gray = cv2.cvtColor(im, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
        faces = faceCascade.detectMultiScale(gray, 1.2, 5)
        for (x, y, w, h) in faces:
            cv2.rectangle(im, (x, y), (x + w, y + h), (225, 0, 0), 2)
            serial, conf = recognizer.predict(gray[y:y + h, x:x + w])
            if (conf < 50):
                ts = time.time()
                date = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(ts).strftime('%d-%m-%Y')
                timeStamp = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(ts).strftime('%H:%M:%S')
                aa = df.loc[df['SERIAL NO.'] == serial]['NAME'].values
                ID = df.loc[df['SERIAL NO.'] == serial]['ID'].values
                ID = str(ID)
                ID = ID[1:-1]
                bb = str(aa)
                bb = bb[2:-2]
                attendance = [str(ID), '', bb, '', str(date), '', str(timeStamp)]

            else:
                Id = 'Unknown'
                bb = str(Id)
            cv2.putText(im, str(bb), (x, y + h), font, 1, (255, 255, 255), 2)
        cv2.imshow('Taking Attendance', im)
        if (cv2.waitKey(1) == ord('q')):
            break
    ts = time.time()
    date = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(ts).strftime('%d-%m-%Y')
    exists = os.path.isfile("Attendance\Attendance_" + date + ".csv")
    if exists:
        with open("Attendance\Attendance_" + date + ".csv", 'a+') as csvFile1:
            writer = csv.writer(csvFile1)
            writer.writerow(attendance)
        csvFile1.close()
    else:
        with open("Attendance\Attendance_" + date + ".csv", 'a+') as csvFile1:
            writer = csv.writer(csvFile1)
            writer.writerow(col_names)
            writer.writerow(attendance)
        csvFile1.close()
    with open("Attendance\Attendance_" + date + ".csv", 'r') as csvFile1:
        reader1 = csv.reader(csvFile1)
        for lines in reader1:
            i = i + 1
            if (i > 1):
                if (i % 2 != 0):
                    iidd = str(lines[0]) + '   '
                    tv.insert('', 0, text=iidd, values=(str(lines[2]), str(lines[4]), str(lines[6])))
    csvFile1.close()
    cam.release()
    cv2.destroyAllWindows()

######################################## USED STUFFS ############################################
    
global key
key = ''

ts = time.time()
date = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(ts).strftime('%d-%m-%Y')
day,month,year=date.split("-")

mont={'01':'January',
      '02':'February',
      '03':'March',
      '04':'April',
      '05':'May',
      '06':'June',
      '07':'July',
      '08':'August',
      '09':'September',
      '10':'October',
      '11':'November',
      '12':'December'
      }

######################################## GUI FRONT-END ###########################################

window = tk.Tk()
window.geometry("1280x720")
window.resizable(True,False)
window.title("Attendance Management System (itsourcecode.com)")
window.configure(background='#262523')

frame1 = tk.Frame(window, bg="#00aeff")
frame1.place(relx=0.11, rely=0.17, relwidth=0.39, relheight=0.80)

frame2 = tk.Frame(window, bg="#00aeff")
frame2.place(relx=0.51, rely=0.17, relwidth=0.38, relheight=0.80)

message3 = tk.Label(window, text="Face Recognition Based Attendance Management System" ,fg="white",bg="#262523" ,width=55 ,height=1,font=('times', 29, ' bold '))
message3.place(x=10, y=10)

frame3 = tk.Frame(window, bg="#c4c6ce")
frame3.place(relx=0.52, rely=0.09, relwidth=0.09, relheight=0.07)

frame4 = tk.Frame(window, bg="#c4c6ce")
frame4.place(relx=0.36, rely=0.09, relwidth=0.16, relheight=0.07)

datef = tk.Label(frame4, text = day+"-"+mont[month]+"-"+year+"  |  ", fg="orange",bg="#262523" ,width=55 ,height=1,font=('times', 22, ' bold '))
datef.pack(fill='both',expand=1)

clock = tk.Label(frame3,fg="orange",bg="#262523" ,width=55 ,height=1,font=('times', 22, ' bold '))
clock.pack(fill='both',expand=1)
tick()

head2 = tk.Label(frame2, text="                       For New Registrations                       ", fg="black",bg="#03F2FD" ,font=('times', 17, ' bold ') )
head2.grid(row=0,column=0)

head1 = tk.Label(frame1, text="                       For Already Registered                       ", fg="black",bg="#03F2FD" ,font=('times', 17, ' bold ') )
head1.place(x=0,y=0)

lbl = tk.Label(frame2, text="Enter ID",width=20  ,height=1  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#00aeff" ,font=('times', 17, ' bold ') )
lbl.place(x=80, y=55)

txt = tk.Entry(frame2,width=32 ,fg="black",font=('times', 15, ' bold '))
txt.place(x=30, y=88)

lbl2 = tk.Label(frame2, text="Enter Name",width=20  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#00aeff" ,font=('times', 17, ' bold '))
lbl2.place(x=80, y=140)

txt2 = tk.Entry(frame2,width=32 ,fg="black",font=('times', 15, ' bold ')  )
txt2.place(x=30, y=173)

message1 = tk.Label(frame2, text="1)Take Images  >>>  2)Save Profile" ,bg="#00aeff" ,fg="black"  ,width=39 ,height=1, activebackground = "yellow" ,font=('times', 15, ' bold '))
message1.place(x=7, y=230)

message = tk.Label(frame2, text="" ,bg="#00aeff" ,fg="black"  ,width=39,height=1, activebackground = "yellow" ,font=('times', 16, ' bold '))
message.place(x=7, y=450)

lbl3 = tk.Label(frame1, text="Attendance",width=20  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#00aeff"  ,height=1 ,font=('times', 17, ' bold '))
lbl3.place(x=100, y=115)

res=0
exists = os.path.isfile("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv")
if exists:
    with open("StudentDetails\StudentDetails.csv", 'r') as csvFile1:
        reader1 = csv.reader(csvFile1)
        for l in reader1:
            res = res + 1
    res = (res // 2) - 1
    csvFile1.close()
else:
    res = 0
message.configure(text='Total Registrations till now  : '+str(res))

##################### MENUBAR #################################

menubar = tk.Menu(window,relief='ridge')
filemenu = tk.Menu(menubar,tearoff=0)
filemenu.add_command(label='Change Password', command = change_pass)
filemenu.add_command(label='Contact Us', command = contact)
filemenu.add_command(label='Exit',command = window.destroy)
menubar.add_cascade(label='Help',font=('times', 29, ' bold '),menu=filemenu)

################## TREEVIEW ATTENDANCE TABLE ####################

tv= ttk.Treeview(frame1,height =13,columns = ('name','date','time'))
tv.column('#0',width=82)
tv.column('name',width=130)
tv.column('date',width=133)
tv.column('time',width=133)
tv.grid(row=2,column=0,padx=(0,0),pady=(150,0),columnspan=4)
tv.heading('#0',text ='ID')
tv.heading('name',text ='NAME')
tv.heading('date',text ='DATE')
tv.heading('time',text ='TIME')

###################### SCROLLBAR ################################

scroll=ttk.Scrollbar(frame1,orient='vertical',command=tv.yview)
scroll.grid(row=2,column=4,padx=(0,100),pady=(150,0),sticky='ns')
tv.configure(yscrollcommand=scroll.set)

###################### BUTTONS ##################################

clearButton = tk.Button(frame2, text="Clear", command=clear  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#ea2a2a"  ,width=11 ,activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 11, ' bold '))
clearButton.place(x=335, y=86)
clearButton2 = tk.Button(frame2, text="Clear", command=clear2  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#ea2a2a"  ,width=11 , activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 11, ' bold '))
clearButton2.place(x=335, y=172)    
takeImg = tk.Button(frame2, text="Take Images", command=TakeImages  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#F5FD03"  ,width=34  ,height=1, activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 15, ' bold '))
takeImg.place(x=30, y=300)
trainImg = tk.Button(frame2, text="Save Profile", command=psw ,fg="black"  ,bg="#F5FD03"  ,width=34  ,height=1, activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 15, ' bold '))
trainImg.place(x=30, y=380)
trackImg = tk.Button(frame1, text="Take Attendance", command=TrackImages  ,fg="black"  ,bg="#1AFD03"  ,width=35  ,height=1, activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 15, ' bold '))
trackImg.place(x=30,y=50)
quitWindow = tk.Button(frame1, text="Quit", command=window.destroy  ,fg="black"  ,bg="red"  ,width=35 ,height=1, activebackground = "white" ,font=('times', 15, ' bold '))
quitWindow.place(x=30, y=450)

##################### END ######################################

window.configure(menu=menubar)
window.mainloop()

####################################################################################################

Screenshots

Attendance Management System Output
Attendance Management System Output
Taking Attendance Using Webcam
Taking Attendance Using Webcam
Recording The Attendance
Recording The Attendance

Download Source Code below

Summary

In this article, I have made an attendance system which takes attendance by using face recognition technique. I have also integrated it with GUI (Graphical user interface) so it can be easy to use by anyone. GUI for this project is also made on python using Tkinter.

Inquiries

If you have any questions or suggestions about Attendance Management System In Python With MySQL Database, please feel free to leave a comment below.

9 thoughts on “Attendance Management System In Python With MySQL Database”

  1. cv2.imshow(‘Taking Attendance’, im)
    if (cv2.waitKey(1) == ord(‘q’)):
    break
    ts = time.time()
    date = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(ts).strftime(‘%d-%m-%Y’)
    exists = os.path.isfile(“Attendance\Attendance_” + date + “.csv”)
    if exists:
    with open(“Attendance\Attendance_” + date + “.csv”, ‘a+’) as csvFile1:
    writer = csv.writer(csvFile1)
    writer.writerow(attendance)
    csvFile1.close()

    My question: i need the code auto stop camera if exist ID, detected face-Name and record to the list ???
    Hope for tour answer …. thanks.

    Reply

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