JavaScript Check If Cookie Exists with Examples

Cookies play an important role in web development by storing user information and preferences.

Either you are a proficient developer or a beginner, understanding how to check if a cookie exists using JavaScript is an essential skill.

In this article, we will discuss the different techniques and methods to help you perform this task smoothly.

Let’s begin and explore the world of JavaScript cookies!

When working with cookies in JavaScript, it’s important to be able to define whether a specific cookie exists or not.

This ensures that you can provide personalized experiences to users based on their stored preferences.

Here are some tried-and-true methods for checking the existence of a cookie:

Also read: JavaScript Decimal to Hexadecimal

One of the common methods to check if a cookie exists is by using the document.cookie property.

This property consists of all the cookies associated with the current document. You can use JavaScript to search for the appropriate cookie within this string.

For example:

function checkCookie(cookieName) {
    var cookiesFunction = document.cookie.split(';');
    for (var i = 0; i < cookiesFunction.length; i++) {
        var cookie = cookiesFunction[i].trim();
        if (cookie.indexOf(cookieName + '=') === 0) {
            return true;
    return false;

Method 2: Utilizing Cookies.get()

If you are using a library like js-cookie, the process becomes even simpler.

This library provides an advantageous method called Cookies.get() which allows you to restore the value of a cookie by its name.

If the cookie does not exist, the method will return undefined.

Here’s an example code:

if (Cookies.get('yourCookieName')) {
    // The cookie exists
} else {
    // The cookie doesn't exist

While checking if a cookie exists looks easy, there are a few considerations to keep in mind to assure success:

Read also: Longest-substring-without-repeating-characters JavaScript

When naming your cookies, select names that are clear and succinct. This not only makes your code more readable but also lessens the chances of naming conflicts with other cookies.

Proper Scope

Cookies have scope based on their path and domain. Make sure that your cookie is set to a proper path and domain to prevent issues when checking for its existence.

Sometimes, cookies may expire or be intentionally removed. Always consider the situation where a cookie you are checking for might not exist, and have a plan for handling that situation easily.


Can I use vanilla JavaScript to check for cookie existence?

Certainly! Method 1 outlined above demonstrates how to obtain this using pure JavaScript.

Is there a maximum limit to the number of cookies I can create?

Yes, there is a limit to the number of cookies a website can store. Typically, this limit is around 20 cookies per domain.

How do I delete a cookie if it exists?

To delete a cookie, you can set its expiration date to a time in the past. This effectively removes the cookie from the user’s browser.

Can I use cookies for storing sensitive information?

It’s not supported to store sensitive information, such as passwords, in cookies due to security risks. Always prioritize security when handling user data.


In conclusion, mastering the art of checking if a cookie exists using JavaScript is an important skill for any web developer.

Whether you are personalizing user experiences or managing user preferences, cookies play an important role.

With the methods outlined in this article, you’ll be able to smoothly check for the existence of cookies on your website.

Remember to choose descriptive cookie names, ensure proper scope, and plan for situations where cookies might not exist.

By following best practices, you will improve user interactions and provide a more specific browsing experience.

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