What is Math.power or Math.pow() Method in JavaScript?

What is Math.power or Math.pow() Method in JavaScript and how to use it? Keep on reading!

In this article, you’ll discover the power of JavaScript’s Math.pow() method.

You will learn how to raise numbers to a power, calculate square and cube roots, and work with negative numbers and fractions.

But before that, let’s first understand what is Math.pow() method. 

What is Math.power or Math.pow in JavaScript?

The Math.pow() method in JavaScript is a static method of the Math object, which means it’s called on the Math object itself, not on an instance of the object.

Here’s the illustration:


The purpose of Math.pow() method is to take two numbers: a base and an exponent, and calculate the result of raising the base to the power of the exponent.


Here’s the syntax of Math.pow() method:

Math.pow(base, exponent)



This is the base number. It can be any real number.


This is the exponent or the value to which the base is raised. It can also be any real number.

Return value

The Math.pow() method returns the result of raising the base to the power of the exponent.

If either argument is NaN, or if base is negative and exponent is not an integer, the result will be NaN.

Here’s an example on how to use math.pow in JavaScript:

let base = 5;
let exponent = 3;
let result = Math.pow(base, exponent);  ✅

Math.pow(5, 3) will calculate 5 raised to the power of 3, which equals to:


which is the result of raising 5 (the base) to the power of 3 (the exponent).

Supported browser

✔ Chrome

✔ Edge

✔ Firefox

✔ Internet Explorer

✔ Safari

✔ Opera

Different example usage of Math.pow() method in JavaScript

Here are a few different examples of how you can use the Math.pow() method in JavaScript:

Example 1: Calculating squares and cubes

let square = Math.pow(5, 2); ✅
console.log("The square of 5 is: " + square);

let cube = Math.pow(6, 3);  
console.log("The cube of 6 is: " + cube);

In this example, Math.pow(5, 2) calculates the square of 5, which is 25. Similarly, Math.pow(6, 3) calculates the cube of 6, which is 216.


The square of 5 is: 25
The cube of 6 is: 216

Example 2: Calculating roots

let squareRoot = Math.pow(49, 0.5); 
console.log("The square root of 49 is: " + squareRoot);

let cubeRoot = Math.pow(27, 1/3); 
console.log("The cube root of 27 is: " + cubeRoot);

In this example, Math.pow(49, 0.5) calculates the square root of 49, which is 7. Similarly, Math.pow(27, 1/3) calculates the cube root of 27, which is 3.

Example 3: Working with negative numbers and fractions

let negativeBase = Math.pow(-5, 2); 
console.log("The result of (-5)^2 is: " + negativeBase);

let fractionExponent = Math.pow(9, 0.5); 
console.log("The square root of 9 is: " + fractionExponent);

In this example, Math.pow(-5, 2) raises -5 to the power of 2, resulting in 25. Similarly, Math.pow(9, 0.5) raises 9 to the power of 0.5 (which is equivalent to taking the square root), resulting in 3.


The result of (-5)^2 is: 25
The square root of 9 is: 3


The Math.power or Math.pow() method in JavaScript is powerful tool allows us to perform complex calculations like raising numbers to a power, calculating roots, and working with negative numbers and fractions.

With practical examples and clear explanations, we’ve seen how Math.pow() can be effectively used in various scenarios.

We are hoping that this article provides you with enough information that help you understand the Math.power in JavaScript.

If you want to dive into more JavaScript topics, check out the following articles:

Thank you for reading Itsourcecoders 😊.

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