Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature in Pharmacy Management System

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Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature in Pharmacy Management System

This article about Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature in Pharmacy Management System will give you the following ideas how to create the chapter of pharmacy management system that focus on review of related literature.

Here’s the Outline of Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature in Pharmacy Management System.

Pharmacy Management System Thesis Chapter 2

  1. Review of Related Literature and Prior Arts

  2. Local Related Literature

  3. Foreign Related Literature

  4. Local Related Literature

  5. Foreign Related System

  6. Features and Comparison of Foreign and Local System

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND PRIOR ARTS

This Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature in Pharmacy Management System includes the reviewing of local and foreign related literature that can help the researchers to gather valuable data and ideas that can guide for the development of the proposed system. It is easy to the readers or researchers to understand the concept of the study. It gives an overview of the different study that has been done before and the proponents collect some ideas from other study to formulate a new concept to be apply to the develop system.

Local Related Literature

The Importance of Sales Monitoring with Your Cable TV

According to Villanueva (2015), from the book The Importance of Sales Monitoring with Your Cable TV, Monitoring of sales whenever it comes to doing business online is very vital. To be able to make sure that everything is in order, it has to practice monitoring. It is because monitoring is important in a business one must hire a person who is loyal and trustworthy. Otherwise the online business will fall apart in a matter of time. One of the modus operandi commonly practiced is the falsification of sales and revenue reports by the person trusted by the owner. A part of the total sales might be pocketed. You cannot have a hundred percent assurance that the sales reported back to you are valid.

In this citation it says that monitoring of sales is essential in every business. Without proper monitoring a business my fall apart due to falsification of sales and revenue reports. Monitoring of sales helps the owner of the business to keep track of sales and ensure that the sales reports are valid.

Medicines management

According to Western Pac Surveil Response J. (2015), Medicines management is the entire process of how medicines are selected, procured, delivered, prescribed, administered and reviewed to optimize the contribution they make to producing informed and desired outcomes of patient care. In the Philippines, medicines management occurs at all levels of government and is different during emergency and non-emergency times.

Health service delivery in the Philippines has been repeatedly disrupted as a result of disasters and emergencies – particularly so after Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013. The objectives of this study were to document existing policies for medicines management in the Philippines during emergency and non-emergency periods and to assess the public sector medicines management system in Haiyan-affected areas during the response.

Log –In

According to Dan Brian (2011) a lot of the websites we visit nowadays are testing and requiring that we create so-called “strong” passwords. Unfortunately, it is not a practice that every site accommodates, whether because it has not update, edits code to meet these most recent standards, or simply because it lacks the resources to do so. It is then up to the user to create its own personal “Security Best Practices”.

Foreign Related Literature

Records Management

According to Patricia Faulhaber (2015), Record management is a systematic, organized, planned and controlled process of managing or tracking the life cycle of records. A record can be a tangible paper object or it can be in digital or electronic form. Records can kept on financial, medical, informative, formal documents, office documents, payroll, government forms and emails among hundreds of other types of records. Record management addresses the three phases of the life cycle of records: The creation or the receipt of a record; the maintenance, safe storage, retrieval, or general use of a record; the disposal of a record.

System analysis and Design

Cashman stated in her book “System Analysis and Design” (2011) that transaction processing system data generated by day-to-day business operations. Transaction processing are efficient because they process a set of transaction related commands as a group rather than individually to protect data integrity however, TP systems ensure that if any single element of a transaction fails, the system does not process the next transaction.

Inventory

According to Hold (2010) article, “Inventory refers to stocks of anything necessary to do business”. The U.S Small Business Administration publication describes what constitutes successful inventory management balancing cost versus benefits of inventory, including: Maintaining a wide assortment without sacrificing service; Keeping stock low without sacrificing performance; Obtaining lower prices by making volume purchases; and Maintaining an adequate inventory without an excess of obsolete items. (Espinosa, n.d.)

Local Related System

Development and Evaluation of a Computerized Sales and Inventory system of Mother’s Best Company

According to Eskow (2010) for the study, Development and Evaluation of a Computerized Sales and Inventory system of Mother’s Best Company (CSISMBC) with SMS Confirmation, an integrated inventory system, may range in platform complexity. Researchers believe that inventory systems are made not in same faces.

Inventories have different faces because it varies upon use and it depends upon the user’s need.

By understanding the Strength and Weaknesses of people and technologies you have opportunity to design the process that best utilize the strength of each to offset inherent weaknesses as said by Piaseki(2009) from his book entitle, Inventory Accuracy : People Process and Technology.

Technology literate person with a high and technology makes a process minimal. The similarities of the proposed system to the Development and Evaluation of a Computerized Sales and Inventory system of Mother’s Best Company are almost the same in terms of Automated System, Connectivity, Platforms (PC or Android), Point of Sale, and Payroll.

Supplies and Inventory System

This is a simple inventory system that computers the running balance of an item. It records the item received and item issued. As stated by Pabuaya (2010) from his book entitled, “Supplies and Inventory System”.

Inventory system is a simple system that keeps track of the item received and items issued. The similarities of the proposed system to the Supplies and Inventory System

are almost the same in terms of Automated System, Connectivity, Platforms (PC or Android), and Point of Sale.

­­Sales and Inventory Monitoring System

 According to Jeonsoft (2014), Inventory System aims to provide easier and faster way to monitor the movement of the business’ stock of goods. It is interactively designed to possibly do the common tasks done in customary way. From item entry, releasing of items, inventory adjustment, transferring of goods from one warehouse to another and production, sure you can keep track of your inventory. JIS uses Jibes XP Tools that has been especially configured with properties that would help you organize well the flow of your inventory. To ensure the security maintenance of JBS system, it has JADE (Jeonsoft Administrative Enforcer) programmed to protect the transactions in your system. Users will be asked to enter their login name and password to confirm if they are entitled to access the system. Using JADE, Administrators can also assign a specific module for employees to access since they are only entitled to access modules that are related to their work.

      A sales and inventory monitoring system collects data to aid in production scheduling, accurate details, and reliable information. For example, some systems use recent sales data to forecast how many of a type of product will be needed to meet consumer demand in the near future. This includes monitoring the levels of a product at all locations. A good example is a global company with customers all over the world. The customer may live in Philippines, but the system must see if the warehouse in China has a product available to ship to Philippines. The similarities of the proposed system to the Sales and Inventory Monitoring Systemare almost the same in terms of Automated System, Connectivity, Platforms (PC or Android), and Point of Sale.

Foreign Related System

Pharmacy Inventory Management System

According to King Saud Bin Abdulaziz  (2015), the preliminary findings of the implementation process of a pharmacy inventory management system at a local Saudi hospital. Meeting documents, key informant interviews, and experience of the researcher were part of the data collection sources used in the study. A thematic analysis of the data was conducted. Preliminary findings show that the implementation process of the pharmacy inventory management system needs the involvement and support of senior management and experienced technical expertise. Future research will focus on investigating the impacts of the pharmacy inventory management system on workflow and medication errors. The similarities of the proposed system to the Pharmacy Inventory Management System are almost the same in terms of Automated System, Connectivity, Platforms (PC or Android), and Point of Sale.

Computerized Payroll System

According to Grace Ferguzon (2017), Computerized systems offer a number of advantage, including increased accuracy and speed. Computerized payroll systems can round employee work hours into quarter-hour segments and accurately calculate the total hours worked and to be paid, thereby saving time spent on manual calculations. These systems calculate all pay frequencies, such as weekly, biweekly, semimonthly, based upon the input data received. The similarities of the proposed system to the Computerized Payroll System are almost the same in terms of Automated System, Connectivity, Platforms (PC or Android), and Payroll.

Computer Based System

As a stated at the book of Passion (2011), to improve their efficiency and reduce their cost of operation. Reports are more timely and accurate. Computers have a large capacity to store data and tremendous speed to manipulate and recall data to the format a user wished to use which introduction of microcomputer computation of business is more affordable (Espinosa, n.d.). The similarities of the proposed system to the Computer Based System are almost the same in terms of Automated System, Connectivity, Platforms (PC or Android), Point of Sale, and Payroll.

Table 1. Features and Comparison of Foreign and Local System

RELATED LITERATURE AND SYSTEM   FEATURES
Automated System Connectivity Platforms (PC or Android) Point of Sale Payroll
Development and Evaluation of a Computerized Sales and Inventory system of Mother’s Best Company     YES     YES   PC YES YES  
Supplies and Inventory System   YES   YES   PC YES NO  
Sales and Inventory Monitoring System   YES   YES   PC YES NO  
Pharmacy Inventory Management System   YES   YES   PC YES NO  
Computerized Payroll System     YES     YES   PC NO YES  
Computer Based System     YES   YES   PC YES YES  

Table 1 shows the differences of the system and studies related to the proponent’s proposed system.

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