The “**runtimeerror:** **one_hot is only applicable to index tensor.**” error is a runtime error that usually occurs if we attempt to use the one_hot function on a tensor that is not an index tensor.

In this article, we’ll explain deeper into this runtime error, understand its causes, and analyze different solutions to resolve it effectively.

**What is the “one_hot is only applicable to index tensor.” Error?**

This **one_hot is only applicable to index tensor** error occurs when you attempt to apply the one_hot function on a tensor that is not an index tensor.

**How to Reproduce an Error?**

In this example, the error occurs because the input tensor contains continuous values instead of discrete index values.

**import torch
# Create a tensor with continuous values
tensor = torch.tensor([0.2, 0.8, 1.5, 2.3])
# Apply the one_hot function
one_hot_tensor = torch.nn.functional.one_hot(tensor)
print(one_hot_tensor)**

Output:

**RuntimeError: one_hot is only applicable to index tensor.**

**Common Causes of the Error**

These are the common causes of the Runtimeerror: one_hot is only applicable to index tensor error:

- Incompatible dimensions
- Incorrect tensor types

**How to fix this Error?**

To resolve the **RuntimeError: one_hot is only applicable to index tensor**, you can apply the following solutions:

### Solution 1: Check tensor dimensions

The first way to solve this error is to check tensor dimensions.

Before applying the **one_hot function**, make sure that the input tensor is a one-dimensional index tensor.

You can check the tensor’s dimensions using the **dim()** method or the **ndim** attribute.

If the tensor has a dimension greater than 1, change it accordingly using the **reshape()** or view() functions to convert it into a one-dimensional tensor.

For example: Using one_hot function

**import torch
# Create a tensor with continuous values
tensor = torch.tensor([0.2, 0.8, 1.5, 2.3])
# Define the number of classes for one-hot encoding
num_classes = 3
# Apply the one_hot function
one_hot_tensor = torch.nn.functional.one_hot(tensor.to(torch.int64), num_classes=num_classes)
print(one_hot_tensor)**

Output:

**tensor([[1, 0, 0],[1, 0, 0],[0, 1, 0],[0, 0, 1]])**

Another Example: Using Reshape Function

**import torch
# Create a tensor with incompatible dimensions
tensor = torch.tensor([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]])
# Reshape the tensor to a compatible shape for one-hot encoding
reshaped_tensor = tensor.reshape(-1)
# Apply the one_hot function
one_hot_tensor = torch.nn.functional.one_hot(reshaped_tensor)
print(one_hot_tensor)
**

Output:

**tensor([[0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],[0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0],[0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0],[0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0],[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0],[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1]])**

**Solution 2: Check tensor types and conversions**

The other solution to resolve this error is to check tensor types and conversions.

Make sure that the data type of the input tensor is an integer type (torch.int32 or torch.int64).

If the tensor has a several data type, you can use the **to() **method to absolutely convert it to the correct data type before applying the **one_hot **function.

**Solution 3: Utilize Correct functions**

If you are encountering the “**RuntimeError one_hot is only applicable to index tensor**” error, it might be because you’re using the one_hot function incorrectly.

Make sure that you’re applying the function to a valid index tensor and not a tensor with continuous or non-integer values.

If you need to perform one-hot encoding on a tensor that is not an index tensor.

You can consider using alternative functions or techniques specifically designed for that purpose, such as torch.nn.functional.one_hot or custom implementation.

## Additional Resources

- Runtimeerror working outside of request context
- attempting to capture an eagertensor without building a function.
- Runtimeerror generator raised stopiteration
- Runtimeerror: cuda out of memory. tried to allocate
- Runtimeerror: no running event loop

**Conclusion**

In this article, we discussed the “**RuntimeError: one_hot is only applicable to index tensor**” error that will occur when using the one_hot function incorrectly.

Also, we discussed its causes, including incompatible dimensions and incorrect tensor types, and provided solutions to avoid the error.

By verifying tensor dimensions, checking tensor types, and utilizing appropriate functions, and you can effectively resolve the runtime error.

## FAQs

**Can I apply the one_hot function to a tensor with floating-point values?**

No, the one_hot function is only applicable to index tensors that contain integer values representing class or category labels.

**How do I reshape a tensor with incompatible dimensions for the one_hot function?**

To reshape a tensor with incompatible dimensions, you can use the reshape() or view() functions.

**How do I convert a tensor to an integer data type before applying the one_hot function?**

You can use the to() method to easily convert a tensor to an integer data type before applying the one_hot function.